Last week we started a paving glossary to help consumers better understand the common terminology used in the industry. Today, we at Andersen Asphalt & Striping would like to continue with Part 2 and conclude with Part 3 shortly.
Asphalt Pavement Terms
Dig Outs. To address structural deficiencies, contractors dig out areas of pavement that have to be repaired. By using a saw to cut a rectangular section of the concrete or asphalt, the dig out is performed, usually. Before the material is replaced, it is removed. To repair pavement, this is a cost-effective way.
Fabric Overlay. To protect the base for the pavement against water penetration, fabric overlays are used.
Full-Depth Asphalt. In order to provide the majority of structural support, full-depth asphalt pavement relies on asphalt material. With asphalt laid on top, the hot-mix asphalt is the material of choice, and it is used for all layers instead of having a subgrade of stone. It experiences fewer damages, full-depth asphalt can better withstand weather changes and water exposure.
Grading. For paving or other construction projects, grading is the process of leveling out a section of the ground.
Hot Mix Asphalt Pavement. With a specific proportion of aggregate and liquid asphalt in a hot mix facility, hot mix asphalt has been mixed together. Before it cools, the mixture is then transported, spread and compacted for the new pavement.
Impervious Surface. One that does not allow water to penetrate is an impervious surface. Since it requires planning for stormwater runoff, city and county officials consider most pavement made of asphalt or concrete to be an impervious surface.
Micro-Resurfacing. To renew the look and performance, a polymer-modified emulsion base is applied to the surface of the pavement. Generally, the new layer is only about ½ inch to ¾ inch. Though it should not be used on pavement that has serious damage or structural issues, micro-surfacing can extend the life of the pavement.
Open-Grade Aggregate. Making it easier for water to drain, open-grade aggregate is a mix that has more space between the particles. In areas that get a lot of storm water runoff, this aggregate mix is used. Because most areas get hit hard by the annual monsoon season is also a good choice for Nevada properties.
Overlay. Placed over existing pavement is an overlay is a thin layer of asphalt. To help extend its life and renew the look of pavement comes from the overlay.
Parking Blocks. To prevent cars from bumping into walls or drifting into the road or other parking spaces, parking blocks are placed at the front of parking spaces.
Paving Blocks. Instead of poured concrete or asphalt, some projects use paving blocks. Usually in a pattern, the paving blocks are placed individually. In order to lock the pavers and strengthen the surface, mortar can be used.
Petromat Overlay. To slow down the cracking on areas that have been newly resurfaced, a petromat overlay uses a geotextile fabric.
Permaflex Paving. For cracked surfaces, Permaflex paving is used as an overlay. For this purpose, this paving uses a trademarked asphalt mix that is specially designed.
Portland Cement Concrete. Being characterized by its grayish-white color, Portland Cement Concrete (PCC) is a uniform concrete. Leaving behind few exposed aggregates, it has a smooth surface achieved by a cement binder.
Asphalt Pavement & Parking Lot Striping, Resealing & More in Reno, Elko, Henderson, North LV, Paradise, Spring Valley, Sunrise Manor, Las Vegas, NV | State of Nevada
For your asphalt and striping services in Nevada, call Anderson Asphalt & Striping today and be sure to look for part 3 of our glossary.